Blended Learning in English Teaching and Learning: An Overview of Current Practice in Oman
Education has undergone a revolution in the 21st century, witnessing the implementation of information communication technology (ICT) as a vital element of teaching and learning. As such, ICT is commonly used in all aspects of education, especially to teach English. In terms of English language teaching, traditional strategies have been replaced by modern techniques where technology is integrated. Recently, the blended learning model has been widely adopted as a viable strategy. Therefore, this conceptual paper addresses the use of ICT for teaching in Oman. It critiques this use, specifically within Oman’s English language curriculum, with an in-depth review of the literature. It demonstrates that the blended learning model offers a flexible platform for English language education. It also recommends that Omani English language teachers apply blended learning principles and techniques in their classroom practice. Moreover, it reviews the blended learning framework implemented to teach English in Oman. The goal of this paper is to provide a comprehensive picture of how ICT may be introduced into Omani education. This is proposed based on previous studies conducted in the Omani context, and on the blended learning literature. However, there is a lack of information on the adoption of blended learning in Oman. The reviewed papers include five main elements: the use of ICT in teaching in Oman, problems that arise when applying ICT in teaching, the Omani English language curriculum, the blended learning approach, and suggested methods of using blended learning to teach English in Oman.